By Debra Soufleris, B.S., DTR
When it comes to health and wellness, many of us tend to think about things like diet and exercise when we are trying to improve our well-being. Some of us may even consider getting more sleep, reducing stress or becoming more spiritual. All good areas to focus on. However, often times our vision health is not high on the list of priorities when it comes to taking good care of ourselves as a whole. Why is this the case? Imagine going through the day without your sight. It would be nearly impossible to do everyday activities like make breakfast, pick out an outfit, or read this article. Unless vision loss affects you personally or someone you know, it’s usually not something we consider—but it should be.
Genetics Play a Big Role
Personally, I was dealt a lousy hand when it comes to having good, healthy vision. Glaucoma, which is a disease that causes damage to the eye’s optic nerve and can result in vision loss if it goes undetected, runs strongly in my family. It occurs when normal fluid pressure inside the eye slowly rises, causing damage to the optic nerve. By the way, this is how the famous singer Ray Charles lost his sight, and is a condition I was recently diagnosed with.
There is a strong genetic link to developing this disease. For me, pretty much everyone in my family on both sides has developed Glaucoma, typically in their thirties or forties. Being armed with this information is critically important because the only way to detect the disease is through annual eye exams. If detected, it can be easily managed through medication, but the key is early detection. Since I knew I had a strong family history of the disease, I have always been diligent about getting my eyes checked.
Ophthalmologist or Optometrist?
I strongly advise anyone that has the option to seek out a reputable ophthalmologist instead of an optometrist. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor that is best qualified and highly trained to deliver total eye care, while optometrists are not medical doctors and have not attended medical school. I’m not saying they are not qualified, but for myself and based on my family history, I prefer a medical doctor to take care of my vision.
Is the Equipment Up to Date?
Make sure your facility is using the latest technology and equipment to test your vision and get the most accurate assessment. If your eye care facility is still performing the outdated air puff test to check for Glaucoma, it might be time to research other facilities. In addition, they should also be taking into account the thickness of your cornea to get a true picture of your risk for the disease. A good reputable doctor will do this and can watch for trends based on your personal history.
Common Diseases of the Eyes
There are many other issues that can affect your eye health such as refraction errors, which can be corrected with glasses, contacts, or even surgery. Age-related macular degeneration which results in damaging your central vision and can really interfere with common everyday tasks such as reading or driving. (Lucky me; this runs in my family as well.) However, the leading cause of blindness worldwide and in the United States is cataracts. This condition causes cloudy vision and can happen at any age, even at birth. Thankfully, removal of the cataract is a widely available procedure with a high success rate. In addition, diabetic retinopathy is on the rise thanks to the high prevalence of diabetes and this being a common complication of the disease. Diabetes can cause damage to the blood vessels anywhere in the body, including the retina of the eye. Sadly, blindness can be the end result.
Get Your Eyes Checked Annually
So, what can you do proactively to help protect your eyes and prevent any of these conditions from developing? Unfortunately, you cannot change your genetics, but you can control how you care for your eyes and focus on habits that help support good vision health. The first line of defense is most certainly having an annual comprehensive dilated eye exam. Many conditions have no warning signs and can only be detected by a trained professional.
Nutrition For Your Eyes
Consuming foods that help protect the eyes from damage due to their antioxidant properties, like lutein and zeaxanthin can be found in carrots, orange peppers, dark green leafy vegetables, eggs, nuts, and foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, tuna, and halibut. In addition, maintaining a healthy weight, keeping blood pressure under control, wearing protective eyewear, and giving your eyes a rest from screens every 20 minutes will do wonders.
Vision care is so important for living an active enjoyable life. Don’t take it for granted and be sure to add vision health to your overall wellness routine.